Recruitment is one of the most important activities carried out by the HR Department. A well-designed hiring plan is needed to satisfy manpower needs of the organization. It must build up the talents pool of the organization.
Recruitment of new employees is done for reasons such as follows:
Chief Executive Officers can either lead organizations to success or down the drain. Get the right candidate and offer the right terms of appointment. See to it that CEO contract of employment is well prepared.
Employment of the right people is closely related to your organization's success. Recruitment matters are too important to leave to chance.
You need a strategic plan in order to find and select the right people.
Do the following.
Alertness to important matters occurring within your organization and those in the external environment is essential. This will enable you to review your plan.
For example, during an economic downturn, what are the positions that will become priorities to fill or what are the new positions needed to face the serious situation that the organization finds itself in? Do you stop recruiting for the time being?
Keep up-to-date to enable you to take pro-active action.
Identify the key positions in your organization and ensure that your recruitment strategy can identify the right people for these strategic positions. Take special attention when recruiting people for these strategic positions.
Prepare hiring strategic plan by reading books related to employment matters.
This means that you need to have the talents to recruit the talents needed by you organization.
You may want to redeploy people or recruit new ones. Take steps to ensure the right people are deployed to carry out the duties and responsibilities of strategic positions. These people play crucial roles in your organization's success.
To ensure that every aspect of the HR function are closely inter-related conduct a human resource audit. This plays an essential role in HR planning. This can strengthen HR as the link to better organizational performance.
The Job Interview
An effective interview ensures that you obtain all the essential information that you need to make sound decision in the selection process.
Make adequate preparation for it in accordance with your plan.
Get ready the interview questions based on the job description and job specification. In this way, you will not miss any important matter. You become a more effective recruiter.
Do you hold the position of Human Resource Manager? If so, you determine the way the interview is conducted. Obtain more information on HR Manager's job description.
The other panel members need to play their respective role in order to identify the right candidate. This is especially true if candidates are being interviewed to fill vacancies in their own department or section.
Asking the shorted-listed candidates the right questions will reveal the candidates' suitability for the job. Asking the wrong questions is not only wasteful but it may result, in some countries, in legal suits.
Emotion and irrelevant factors sometimes creep in. Try not to give way to such temptations.
Where necessary, remind the other interview panel members of the true objective of the exercise.
It is necessary to ask the right questions in order to ensure that you get the right information about job applicants.
Job analysis helps you in identifying important aspects of the job. You can use this information to improve and update job descriptions and job specifications.
Do this before every major staff hiring exercise.
Selecting the Right Candidate
Identifying the right person for the job at the outset is sound strategy.
Competent employees require minimum supervision which can save you valuable time that you can use to perform other tasks. These employees usually do not pose many problems to organizations.
Select a candidate based on the qualification, experience, competence and other attributes required for the job.
For example, female employees have their unique roles in organizations. More women are highly-educated now. It is time to consider recruiting women for positions that were exclusively meant for males.
Refer to your employee recruitment and selection policy regarding recruitment and selection policies and procedures.
If there is none, take immediate action to prepare one, have it vetted by senior management, and submit for your board's approval.
Once the right candidate is identified and selected, prepare the appointment letter as soon as possible. Do not delay this beyond one month.
Select a "reserved candidate" in case the prospective new employee rejects the offer or leaves soon after accepting the offer.
Obtain the agreement of the other panel members on the reserved candidate(s) and have this put on record. This will avoid any disagreement that may arise.
Immediately after the candidate is chosen, issue the appointment letter or prepare the employment contract. Click HERE for info on "Sample Appointment Letter"
Even with all the preparation, it may sometimes occur that the new employee does not truly fit into the job.
You may decide to re-assign him or her to a different but equivalent job. But do this with care.
By doing this, every employee will contribute to the productivity of your organization. Have this stated in the recruitment policy.
What to do with unsuccessful candidates
You have conducted the interview and done the selection. You believe that you have chosen the best candidate for the job and not someone who likely will perform poorly.
Have the names of the "shortlisted potential candidates" entered into your database. You may want to get in touch with some of them when the needs arise in future.
Officially inform candidates who are successful as well as applicants who were not short-listed.
This demonstrates the efficiency of your organization. This creates a good impression of a good employer. The applicants will remember your organization and will try their luck again.
Review of Employment Policy and Process
As "an employer of choice", you can attract the right candidate for your vacant jobs.
A well-drafted employment policy can ensure that this happens. In this way, the human resource function contributes to organizational productivity.
If you are the Human Resource Manager, you may want to review hiring policies at regular intervals. Line managers and HR people can assist you in conducting this review. Ensure that the policy is clearly explained.
This ensures the effectiveness of your policy, allowing you to find people who have the right qualities to perform well on the job.
Not every person will stay on. If people leave conduct exit interviews with a view to improving all relevant aspects of the organization including recruitment.
You may need some indication on the state of the organization's working environment. A non-conducive working environment may force some employees, whether on probation or confirmed in service, to leave for good. "Workplace Barometer Research" was a research conducted by Chandler Macleod and AHRI.
Head-start in Implementing Strategic Human Resource System
There are organizations who fail to conduct their hiring activities well. The interview panel asks the wrong or irrelevant questions. This is a waste of valuable time, effort and money. It can even lead to legal suits.
It makes good sense to avoid doing this.
Recruit the right person for the right job from the beginning. It is restated that effective recruitment is one of the important activities under the Human Resource function.